Last updated: 1.29pm, Saturday 1st August 2015
The ageing countdown for your skin starts from the moment you are born. At the age of 25 the reduction of collagen and elastin production begins, although the visible signs appear during your 40s.
With the passage of time comes an overall slowing of cell metabolism due to the reduction of the hormonal activity. This deceleration affects 3 layers of the skin:
It’s the top layer of your skin, the one you can actually see. As time passes, it gets thinner due to the decreased keratinocyte proliferation and at the same time it loses its moisture due to lipid reduction.
The second layer of your skin is much thicker and does a lot for your body. As time goes by, the fibroblasts become less active, the synthesis of elastin and collagen decreases and the skin begins to atrophy.
The third layer of the skin is the bottom layer or else the lipid layer that supports your skin. As you get older, it shrinks because of the reduced levels of collagen and elastin. The lack of adequate nutrients and oxygen contributes to this loss and does not allow cells to be renewed.
Before and during menopause
The 40s are the first decade when collagen loss reaches 1% per year and as you approach menopause the visible changes become more and more intense. Menopause is a state accompanied by changes in psychology along with the ones in the body. Therefore, the skin weakens, atrophies and presents dryness. During the 50s, the cell activity decreases dramatically.
Not all skins mature in the same way. For example, genes play a key role as to when the menopause will occur and thus, when the skin will start to mature. Also, smoking influences the possibility of premature menopause, as does the sun and the free radicals which can cause great damage and accelerate the ageing process.
The skin changes again. Its main shortcoming is the lipids – in fact, their loss is calculated at 57%! This results in intense dryness and loss of density, which in turn cause even deeper wrinkles, lack of flexibility, relaxation and loss of the oval contour.
Finally, the skin becomes more brittle, thinner and hardens due to dryness, which is one of the most visible skin lesions observed in post menopause.
Along with a healthy diet and tactical exercise, there are other ways to regenerate your skin cells and make them act young again. By boosting your skins collagen levels, you can decrease the visible signs of ageing and give your skin the elasticity and moisture it needs to gain its former glory!