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Understanding how skin ages

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Last updated: 4.19pm, Saturday 31st January 2015 by Web Administrator

Stages of skin ageing

Your skin and body never stay the same. As you get older, your health and beauty needs will also change, so it’s vital to know about and address these individual needs to ensure you keep your skin and body in optimal condition as the decades pass.


Teenage skin looks resilient, plump and youthful. However, many teens develop light, moderate or severe acne. This condition is mainly due to hormonal changes in the body which cause the sebaceous glands to over produce sebaceous oil. This excessive oil blocks pores, and causes the build up of bacteria which can lead to inflammation and scarring.

Early 20s 

At this stage, the body has fully developed, and the hormone levels balance out. The sebaceous glands begin to slow down which helps clear acne problems. Your skin should look firm, wrinkle free, clear and vibrant.

Age 25 - 30

This is when the first real signs of ageing start to appear. After the age of 25, your body starts to deplete collagen at a rate of 1.5% every year. 

You may notice the appearance of fine lines and surface wrinkles. A duller complexion, skin sensitivity, enlarged pores and puffy eyes gradually add to the ageing appearance of the skin. For women, these are the perfect years for pregnancy which can lead to these additional skin problems:

  • Stretch marks & cellulite
  • Varicose & spider veins
  • Pigmentation problems

Age 30 - 40

After 30, the skin’s natural renewal process and ability to retain moisture decreases, this causes skin dryness and a duller appearance. Fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes, forehead and mouth gradually deepen, years of environmental toxins, pollutants and sun exposure start to take their toll on the skin. 

The skin underneath the eyes becomes more transparent and puffy, and dark circles may also be evident.

Age 40 - 50

Around the age of 40 your body stops producing collagen and the ageing process increases. Skin loses its firmness and elasticity, and gravity contributes to skin sagging. There are dramatic changes in the overall tone and texture. By this age, the skin’s renewal process and its ability to retain moisture has greatly decreased causing a dull, dry appearance. Signs of sun damage, age spots, skin discoloration, freckles and uneven skin tone become noticeable.

Age 50 - 60

In your fifth decade the ageing process speeds up, the skin’s tone and texture dramatically changes. A women's oestrogen levels decrease as she approaches the menopause; eventually the absence of osetrogen will cause the skin to become fragile, dry and sensitive with excess sagging and folds. The skin lacks fullness which is due to the degradation of collagen and fatty tissue. Wrinkles are deepened and become very noticeable.

Sun damage becomes increasingly evident with age; spots, discoloration, patches, blotches, spider and varicose veins may occur.

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